“Every mountain top is within reach if you just keep climbing.”
— Richard James Molloy
What We Offer ?
Microincision Sutureless Cataract Eye Surgery – Modern Microsurgery to Restore and Enhance Vision Sight is our most precious sense enabling us to enjoy the beauty of the world in which we live. Blindness has been recognized as an important public health problem in India, a country that is now home to a billion inhabitants. A nationwide survey, undertaken in 1999-2001, revealed the prevalence of blindness to be 8.5%. Over 60% of blindness has been attributed to cataract alone.
For centuries, developing cataract doomed a person to blindness. Today modern microsurgical techniques utilizing state-of-the-art equipment, lenses and surgical material, allow people to enjoy good, clear vision after their cataracts have been removed. We at Dr. K.D’s Eye Hospital believe that giving up favorite activities and suffering through years of poor vision due to cataract is no longer an inevitable part of the ageing process. Our centre and its team of cataract surgeons are dedicated to provide the best possible care to patients suffering from cataract.
What is Cataract ?
To understand cataract, one has to visualize that an eye behaves like a camera with a transparent lens focusing light on the reel of the eye i.e. retina. The picture so formed on the retina is then sent to the brain via a nerve to complete the process of seeing. When this lens starts becoming opaque or white, the problem is labeled cataract. The condition happens when certain proteins in the lens form into abnormal clumps. These clumps gradually enlarge and interfere with vision by distorting or blocking the passage of light through the lens.
So when the lens is partially opaque, it is called an immature cataract and some light can pass through to help perform some routine functions. However, when the opacity increases to engulf the entire lens, vision is totally cut off and the cataract is called mature.
What are the usual symbols indicating cataract ?
There is a painless gradual decrease in vision. Early cataract is associated with difficulty in reading in normal light conditions, and extra illumination is required. Excessive glare and reduced sharpness can make night driving difficult. Some experience a rapid changes in the number / power of glasses. In advanced cases there is complete loss of sight and lens becomes pearly white in colour.
If you experience any of the following issues, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor immediately:
- Cloudy or blurry vision
- Double vision (diplopia)
- Fading of colours
- Seeing halos around lights
- An increased sensitivity to glare
- A distortion of vision that makes objects appear as if you’re looking at them through a veil.
What are the problems associated with cataract ?
There is a painless progressive reduction of vision. Initially some help is achieved by changing the spectacle number, but in advance cases the spectacles also prove to be ineffective. Cataracts are the world’s leading cause of blindness, accounting for approximately 42 percent of all cases of blindness in all the countries, luckily its easily treatable in the present age through a simple surgery.
Who are normally affected by cataract ?
Cataract is a long-term problem that usually starts developing around the age of 40 and intensifies by the time an individual attains the age of 50 to 60. It is also caused by eye-trauma, long-term diabetes, corticosteroid medications or radiation treatments.
Some infants are also afflicted by cataract, which is caused as a result of infections during pregnancy. The disorder can also be a symptomatic of metabolic disease affecting the body’s processing of carbohydrates, amino acids, calcium or copper among infants and young kids. If left untreated, cataracts might also lead to blindness.
What is the treatment for cataract ?
There is no medication for treating cataract but surgery has long proven to be an effective treatment of the disorder. With the advancement in technology, it is now safer than ever to get your vision corrected with minimal risks to your vision.
The decision to have surgery depends on the degree to which your vision in impaired. Although some persons with cataracts find that their vision improves by using eyeglasses, magnifying lenses or stronger lighting, the only real way to cure cataracts is by surgery. If cataracts affect both eyes, each eye operation is scheduled and performed separately.
The common surgical procedures are:
Extracapsular cataract extraction. In this procedure, the lens is either broken up using ultrasound waves (a process called phacoemulsification, or phaco), then extracted through a tiny hollow tube, or it is removed in one piece. The normal lens capsule surrounding the lens is left intact.
Intracapsular cataract extraction. In this technique, both the lens and the lens capsule are removed. This technique is now performed only in very rare cases.
Once the lens is removed, it may be replaced by one of three options:
1. An intraocular lens (an artificial lens placed in the eye during cataract surgery);
2. A contact lens; or
3. Special cataract glasses with very powerful magnification.
Currently, about 99 percent or more of patients use an intraocular lens.
How long it takes to recover from surgery ?
Modern cataract surgery takes just a few minutes to administer and the recovery period is also minimal. In the first week after surgery, it generally is recommended that the patient keep his or her eye covered at all times, either with eyeglasses or an eye shield, to protect it from being bumped or rubbed. A small amount of pressure can easily open the incision, and protecting the eye prevents this. The patient is also asked to refrain from
1. Bending with the head below the waist,
2. Lifting more than 10 pounds, and
3. Straining (on the toilet, for example) to the point of holding one’s breath.
A few weeks after the surgery, the patient may be prescribed glasses for near work. The artificial lenses last a lifetime and complications due to the lens are rare and are easily corrected.
when should you call your opthalmologist ?
Call your eye-doctor whenever you have trouble seeing clearly. If you are older than 40, schedule an eye examination with your doctor every two years, even if you have not noticed any change in your vision.
Types of Intra Ocular Lenses (IOL’s)
There are three types of lens options is each category of Cataract Surgery i.e Regular Phaco, Micro Phaco, Laser Cataract Surgery
Monofocal Lenses – Provides good vision for distance
Multifocal Lenses – Provides good vision at varying distances
Toric Lenses – Corrects cylinder or astigmatism in addition to spherical number
IOL OPTIONS FOR REGULAR PHACO
Lenses used is Regular Phaco are slightly hard and have to go through a 3.0mm incision.
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